Source: The Two Faces of Money
Corporations have been around for centuries, and have long provided both the motivation and means by which empires would be built. As we know, the American colonies developed a strong distaste for corporate power over the colonists’ economic lives. The Boston Tea Party was famous for its protest against the undercutting of colonial profits orchestrated by the British East India Company, and other such corporations.
Thus, as detailed in Defying Corporations, Defining Democracy: A Book of History & Strategy, edited by Dean Ritz:
In spite of the long effort of citizens and legislators aimed at “directing the corporate chartering process”, the 14th amendment provided the means by which corporations were given person-hood – while the “new legal regime” created by the Reconstruction amendments increased the “police powers” of the federal government, thereby diminishing the sovereign rights of ordinary citizens.